An Economic Study of the Efficiency of Greenhouse Management for Tomato Production in Newly Reclaimed Lands (Case Study: Bahariya Oasis)

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University


The development of the agricultural sector vertically is based on the extent of developing farm management and developing the level of efficiency in the use of agricultural inputs as one of the main objectives of agricultural policy, as it leads to increasing economic returns and thus increasing investment and national income.
The research aimed to study the efficiency of greenhouse management for producing the tomato crop, which ranks first in the number of greenhouses operating in the Bahariya Oasis region, at a rate of about 70.67% of the total number of greenhouses for the agricultural year 2022/2023. The research was based on a random sample that was classified into two categories in terms of the area of ​​the first greenhouse. Small greenhouses (400 m2) at a faddan of 10 greenhouses per acre, and the second is a large greenhouse (4000 m2) at a rate of one greenhouse per faddan.
The research reached several results, the most important of which are:
 (1) Increasing education levels through the various stages of education, and education acquired through both training programs and the acquisition of technical skills through practice and experience, increases the probability of achieving technical competence for producers, and therefore education is a factor. Major in agricultural development.
 (2) Investment in modern agricultural technologies, such as fertilizers and improved varieties of agricultural production, has a real impact on investment in human resources development.
(3) There are many problems facing tomato producers in greenhouses in the Bahariya Oasis region.
 The research ended with several recommendations that would improve tomato production in greenhouses and achieve and raise technical and economic efficiency.


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