Document Type : Original Article
Omar Al-Mukhtar University
The degree of knowledge of the pastoral behavior of the breeders studied and its impact on the development or deterioration of natural pastures and some of the independent variables studied. To collect data, reliance was placed on personal interviews of the breeders studied, who numbered 40 breeders who were selected from, the total number of 200 educators is 20%. To analyze the data, used tabular display with frequency and percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, weighted average, simple correlation coefficient, and the Chi-Mar's test, and used the social sciences program SPSS.The most important results were as follows:- The majority of the educators surveyed are middle-aged (44-62 years) (75%), their education is secondary, university, or post-university (55%). Their sources of information about pastoral behavior are derived from the Ministry of Agriculture, audio and video radio, and the agricultural extension, and that expatriate workers are a component of Main for shepherds by 63%.- The main sources of information for the respondents about improving vegetation cover were the Ministry of Agriculture, the audio-visual radio, and then the agricultural guide.Most of the pastoral areas consist of vegetation cover of either shrubs or trees at a rate of 47.50%, or grass and weeds at a rate of 37.50%.The most important reasons for the deterioration of vegetation cover were due to human activities such as land consumption and overgrazing, which led to the decline of trees and shrubs and their production.The degree of breeders’ knowledge is moderate regarding the impact of grazing on the condition of pastures and their productivity, observing the hooves of grazing animals on pasture land, the shallowness of the soil, the failure to apply the correct methods in exploiting and managing natural resources, the increase in the number of animals, especially small ones, which reduces the quality of pastures, and harmful daily activities. And affecting the condition of pastures, as shown by the low degree of knowledge about the adequacy of the load of natural pastures.- It was found that the degree of knowledge of the breeders in question on how to improve and preserve pastures was low, and that increasing soil fertility leads to increasing plant cover, protecting areas by creating a fence around pastures, reforesting degraded pasture lands, scattering seeds as a means of improving pastures, and the consistent use of local pastures.-The most important obstacles to the process of improving and preserving pastures are grazing in pastures that are not fully prepared for grazing, the lack of a sufficient number of local guides and technicians specialized in following up on the condition of pastures, and the lack of commitment to the duration and period of grazing allocated to herders.-It was found that there is no correlation between age, type of employment, the degree of breeders’ knowledge of pastoral behavior and its impact on the development or deterioration of natural pastures, and the degree of breeders’ knowledge of methods for improving and preserving pastures.- It was found that there is a correlation at the level of 0.01 between the educational level, the sources of educators’ information about pastoral behavior, and the degree of educators’ knowledge of pastoral behavior and its impact on the development or deterioration of natural pastures, and the degree of educators’ knowledge of methods for improving and preserving pastures, while it was found that there is no relationship. There is a correlation between the degree of breeders’ knowledge of pastoral behavior and the degree of breeders’ knowledge of methods for improving and preserving pastures.