Estimating the Effect of Climate Change on the Productivity of Tomato Crop in Egypt

Document Type : Original Article


Researcher - Agricultural Economics Research Institute - Agricultural Research Center


The expected effects of climate change are represented by an increase in droughts, hot weather waves, scarcity of natural resources, the most important of which are fresh water resources- and a rise in sea level, which may cause the drowning of areas of the coasts, including areas in the Nile River Delta, which will be followed by migration from these areas. This is the tomato crop. The research aims to study the effect of climate change (heat, humidity, rain) on the tomato crop in different crops in Egypt during the period (2017-2021). Overlapping loops are grown in Egypt throughout the year, as the winter loop represents 42% of the cultivated area of tomatoes, whose seedlings are planted in September and October and produce fruits in January, February and March, which were negatively affected by the high temperatures. While about 49% of the area is cultivated. Tomatoes in the summer season, whose seedlings are planted in February, March, April, and May, and produce their fruits from June to August.
Where it became clear from the results that an increase in each of the aforementioned climate factors alone leads to the productivity of an acre of Indigo tomatoes by a statistically significant amount of about 2.12, 3.94, 4.30, 1.1 tons per acre, respectively. Egypt is due to the aforementioned factors.


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