An Economic Study of Fishing Boats of the Canary Type in the Waters of the Mediterranean Sea in Alexandria Governorate

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture (Saba Basha), Alexandria University, 21531, Alexandria, Egypt.

2 agriculture faculty of saba basha alexandria universty- alexandria - egypt


The study aims to identify many of the negatives that impede the increase in the production of the fishing profession and to search for the most appropriate solutions for it, which in turn is reflected in the efficiency and use of the available resources for that profession, and to increase the technical and economic efficiency of fishing vessels of the Canar type in the Mediterranean waters in Alexandria Governorate, and to increase the net return from the activity of the fishing profession.
The results of the study showed: (1) that the value of the average average net return amounted to about 16789 pounds for plowing, and this means that every pound invested in the plowing for the Canar vessel gives about 20.43 pounds. (2) The most important varieties of fish caught for the Canar vessel according to the relative importance are sardines at a rate of 32.21%, followed by sulfur fish at a rate of 17.64%, while the relative importance of the rest of the other varieties of fish decreased, so the relative importance of pheasant fish was about 6.39%, followed by shrimp at a rate of 6.03% , then Shragaish fish by 5.43%, followed by potato fish by 5.43%, followed by spinner fish by 5.40%, then crab fish by 5.01%, then mias fish by 3.90%, followed by moose fish by 3.50%, then squid by about 3.19%. , then the thickness of the tree with a rate of 2.97%, then the fish of Kamaria with a rate of 2.91%.(3) The average technical efficiency index of the Canary fishing vessels in the Mediterranean waters in Alexandria governorate, according to the return concept, was about 43.90%, which means that these vessels can provide 56.10% of the productive resources without affecting the production of the vessel. While this average in the case of the concept of variable return to capacity was about 87%, meaning that the current level of production can be achieved by using 87% of the actual resources. By estimating capacity efficiency and return on capacity, it was found that the production of 63 vessels of this type must be increased, and the production of 2 vessels of this type must be stable to achieve full technical efficiency. (4) The average economic efficiency index for the total canary vessels amounted to about 35.20%, meaning that the same level of production can be achieved at a cost less than the actual cost by an estimated rate of 64.80%. While the average distribution efficiency index of the Canar vessels in the study sample was about 78.50%, and this can be explained economically by the lack of benefit of these vessels according to the concept of capacity economies when using them for production elements and when selling the final product. (5) That in order for these vessels to achieve full economic efficiency at the current level of aggregate production, the quantity of actual resources must be reduced according to the value of the indicator of economic efficiency.
Among the most important recommendations recommended by the study are the following: (1) Establishing a unified administrative body that works to facilitate the legal procedures related to the investment process in the fishing sector and facilitate the issuance of approvals and permits while reducing the fees for these approvals and permits. (2) Develop a specific, integrated and independent law that regulates work in the field of fishing in natural fisheries and ensures coordination between all relevant authorities in this field. (3) Providing subsidies for fishing supplies, tools, fuel, oil and yarn prices because they represent important items in the costs incurred by vessels. (4) Providing a vessel engine repair service to alleviate this problem for those working in this profession, by establishing a number of marine workshops in various fishing ports, and equipping them with technicians and the necessary number to repair the engines of fishermen’s vessels at subsidized prices, and providing the necessary spare parts.


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