Impact of The Economic Reform Policy and COVID 19 on The Seasonality of The Most Important Egyptian Agricultural Exports and Imports

Document Type : Original Article


1 Agricultural Economics Research Institute - Agricultural Research Center - Giza - Egypt

2 Senior Researcher - Department of Agricultural Policy and Project Evaluation Researches - Agricultural Economics Research Institute - Agricultural Research Center.

3 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Economics - Department of Agricultural Economics - Faculty of Agriculture - Ain Shams University


The research mainly aimed to study the impact of the economic reform policy and the Corona pandemic and seasonal factors on the prices of the most important Egyptian agricultural exports and imports. The most important results were the following:
-    By studying the trend analysis of the monthly average of the prices of the most important exported and imported commodities, it shows the real price increase over time per month for the exports of 17 commodities represented as “olive oil, dried fruits, Rumi cheese, aromatic oils and resins, dried onions, processed cheese, dried vegetables, white cheese, juices.” Its foundations are oily seeds and fruits, onions and garlic, citrus fruits, preserved strawberries, frozen artichokes, processed potatoes, frozen vegetables, and potatoes.
-    Also found was that the economic reform policy had a statistically significant effect on the average real price of the exports of the 17 commodities under study, as well as the imports of meat, oils, sugar, beans, and wheat, in addition to the imports of the most important production requirements studied, such as seeds, pesticides, disinfectants, and fertilizers. that during the study period.
-    By studying the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the real monthly prices of exports and imports of the commodities under study, it was found that the average monthly price decreased in real prices for all commodities under study, except for oils and aromatic resins, but the statistical significance of the rates of decrease during the study period did not prove.


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