Study the Impact of The Change of Water Quality in El Mahmoudia Canal on The Chemical Properties of The Agricultural Environment

Document Type : Original Article


1 Soil Salinity Department, Alexandria Soil, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center (ARC), Giza, Egypt

2 Kuwait National Guard


Egypt is facing increasing in water needs because of increasing population therefore, keeping the suitable quality of fresh water streams, it is necessary for safe life and sustainability of all productivity sectors in Egypt. Degradation of water quality observed in the Mahmoudia Canal well water in both each its two sides. Therefore,this study aims to investigate the assessments of Micronutrients concentrations and chemical properties in soils, plant and wells in cultivated farms located in both sides of El Mahmoudia irrigation canal compared control area (uncultivated). The results showed that the all chemical parameters for both ground water (well water) and Mahmoudia water  (surface water) were within recommended range of the standards (WHO and FAO) for agricultural use except Mn. Micronutrients levels in soil and plants samples were lower than the safe limits for human consumption. This high Mn levels in El Mahmoudia irrigation canal, Egypt may attribute to more Mining and Brick, fertilizers factories excess fertilization and pesticides, chemicals companies. Micronutrients concentrations in soil samples were all significantly different (P<0.05) compared to control (uncultivated) area. This shows that anthropogenic activities are the main cause of metal emission. The concentration of macronutrients for soils and plants analyzed in all parts are within the range set up by the standard.


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