The Current Situation in Yemen and its Impact on the Environment and Natural Resources

Document Type : Original Article


Dept of Environment sciences, Faculty of marine & Environmental Sciences Al-Hodiedah Univ.Yemen


Conflicts of all kinds and types, regardless of their causes or motives, affect the individual and society in any country or region. The series of Yemeni events, crises, and internal and external conflicts have greatly and tangibly affected Yemeni society. The problem of the study highlights the impact of the current situation in Yemen on the available natural resources. The environment with all its components, as well as the economic situation in Yemen. The study focuses on the use of descriptive statistical analysis and quantitative economic analysis. The research relied on secondary data published during the first two periods of 2009-2014 (before the conflict) and the second period of 2015-2020 (during the conflict). The results indicate: that the current conflict in Yemen constitutes a dangerous phenomenon at all the economic, social, environmental and humanitarian levels. The results show a decrease in the national income by 7.8% compared to what it was before the conflict, as well as a decline in the average GDP by about 22.6% from what it was before the conflict, As well as the sharp decline in the average value of exports by 6.8 billion dollars, and the sharp deterioration in the value of the local currency against the dollar by about 76%, which led to a significant increase in poverty rates and the collapse of official social security networks for poor families, and that more than 40% of families The Yemeni government has lost its main source of income, despite the decline in services provided to the population, and consequently the increase in the mortality rate for children under five years of age, as well as the weakness of the employment rate than it was before the conflict, and the percentage of cultivated area decreased in 2016 to 38%, and as a result, the production yield decreased to 42% These effects appear in a decline in cereal production by 416 thousand tons, representing about 50% of cereal production before the conflict, and also a decrease in the total natural resource revenues in relation to GDP by 90% compared to the previous year. Why before the conflict? For this reason, the study recommends the following recommendations: the need for concerted efforts to stop the current conflict in Yemen, giving the economic file the priority it deserves and saving the economic situation, mobilizing donor support for the humanitarian situation and development projects in areas that enjoy security stability, and dialogue with the Bank International to continue to support cash benefits for the poor registered in the Social Welfare Fund.


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