Sustainable Water Research Funding and Water Quality Challenges in Agricultural Practices: An Economic Analysis in Egypt

Document Type : Original Article


1 Economic and Agribusiness Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21545, Egypt

2 Sanitary Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21544, Egypt


This study sheds light on the significance of enhancing sustainable funding for water research and addressing water quality challenges in agricultural practices through economic analysis in Egypt. The study employed a survey questionnaire targeting researchers from various disciplines. The results revealed a gender distribution of approximately 44.7% female and 55.3% male participants. The study also disclosed university participation percentages, with the University of Alexandria having the highest at 43.5%, followed by Beni Suef University at 19.4%, Zagazig University at 17.6%, and Aswan University at 11.8%. The results further indicated the diversity of researchers' specializations. Regarding funding sources, the study found that around 30% of researchers obtained external funding for their research projects. Funding sources included international donors (46.2%), governmental grants (30.8%), and the private sector (23.1%). The results also highlighted challenges faced by researchers in obtaining funding, and affirmed that 75% of projects made progress due to funding, while 25% were concluded upon achieving financial objectives. A field study was conducted in the Moghra and Wadi Natron regions to measure the impact of salinity (water quality) on agricultural productivity. The outcomes underscored the urgent need for water research funding, as it indirectly affects the increase in agricultural productivity.


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